This research area will assess CERC-CVC technology impacts in terms of energy and environmental benefits of deploying technologies such as Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs) in the U.S. and China, study consumer driving behavior and advanced vehicle market potential, and examine enabling mechanisms such as policies, standards/protocols, and demonstration to help technologies move from lab to the market. The work will cover 4 topical areas:
- Topic 1 will characterize technologies such as PEVs under investigation by CERC-CVC; develop supply chains for technologies; conduct life-cycle analysis (LCA) modeling with the GREET model for PEVs, Internal Combustion Engine Vehicles (ICEVs), and batteries; and conduct impact analysis in both countries with technology penetration scenarios.
- Topic 2 will address consumer driving and purchasing behavior and PEV market prediction by conducting consumer surveys with instrumented vehicles and by developing detailed vehicle market modeling based on vehicle attributes and macro- and micro-economics.
- Topic 3 will focus on vehicle policy research. It will study PEV fiscal and non-fiscal policies/incentives in both the U.S. and China; compile information on battery improvements and cost reductions and explore how these can influence future PEV markets; and study the influence of US and Chinese fuel economy/GHG standards on efficient technologies such as PEVs, lightweighting, and new engines.
- Topic 4 will consider best practices to move technologies from lab to market. It will identify the most successful processes that have occurred in the U.S. and China and in particular localities; study on-going PEV demonstration programs in both countries for experiences and lessons; and identify, develop, and implement new high-impact clean, low carbon transportation market development programs.