By 2050, 70% of the world population is likely to be urban, with many living in megacities of more than 10 million people. Monstrous traffic jams are already normal in many metropolitan areas in both U.S. and China. Combined with the population density increase, at the current rate, the number of vehicles is expected to rise from 800 million to 2.5 billion by 2050. Such a growth is unsustainable both from a mobility point of view and an energy point of view. Connection and automation are destined to change the transportation system as we know it, connected and automated vehicles will make the car sharing possible. To address this challenge, some researchers estimated (1) that 30% of the trips will leverage car sharing, 25% public transportation, 20% with personal cars, 15% with bikes and 10% with motorized two-wheelers. Understanding the safety and energy impact of connected and automated vehicles is critical. Research on integration of Connected and Automated Vehicles and advanced vehicle technologies (i.e., electric vehicles) is also needed.
The project will focus assessing the energy impact of connected and automated vehicles through transportation system, infrastructure and shared mobility. On-road vehicle test data will be used to understand the impact on driver behavior. The energy impact of shared mobility will be assessed for multiple market penetration levels and powertrain technologies. The impact of transit (i.e., dedicated bus lanes, automated buses etc.) will be considered. Due to the expected increase in electric vehicles, technologies that enable connected and automated electric vehicles and connection with infrastructure (i.e. Wireless Charging and V2G) will be developed and assessed. The charging infrastructure will be assessed through multiple charging technology options.